Magnificent caves – Dark and mysterious, these are the most astonishing and magical caves in the world
Hang Son Doong, Vietnam
With the largest known cave passage cross-section in the world, with stalactites measuring up to 70 meters in height and cave pearls in the size of a basketball, Son Doong Cave is located near the Laos–Vietnam border.
Hang Sơn Đoòng was found by a local man named Hồ Khanh in 1991 but only in 2009 the cave become internationally known after a group of cavers from the British Cave Research Association conducted a survey in Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng from 10 to 14 April 2009.
Batu Cave, Malaysia
Batu Cave was named after the Sungai Batu (Stone River), which flows past the hill. The limestone forming of Batu Cave is dated back 400 million years, and evidence of human use of the cave can be dated to indigenous tribes. Batu Cave is a Hindu religious site, attracting worshippers and tourists from all over the world to observe the peaceful and ornate temples, shrines, and statues that have been erected inside the cave and in surrounding areas.
Marble Cathedral, Chile
The Marble Caves, Marble Chapel and Marble Cathedral are an unusual geological formation located at the center of the General Carrera Lake in Patagonia. They represent a group of caverns, columns and tunnels formed in monoliths of marble. The Marble Caves have been formed by wave action over the last 6,200 years.
Kamchatka Cave, Russia
Kamchatka ice cave located on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia was formed by a hot water spring flowing beneath the glacial ice fields on the flanks of the nearby Mutnovsky volcano. Because glaciers on Kamchatka volcanoes have been melting in recent years, the roof of this cave is now so thin that sunlight penetrates through it, illuminating the icy structures within.
Vatnajokull Glacier Cave, Iceland
Vatnajökull Glacier was formed thousands of years ago and is by far the largest glacier in Iceland. It covers an area of roughly 8,000 sq. km (5,500 sq. miles) and is almost 1000m thick at its deepest point, making it the largest glacier mass in Europe.
The Cave of Three Bridges, Lebanon
The Baatara Gorge Waterfall, also known as the Cave of Three Bridges, is an impressive natural wonder located in Tannourine near Balaa. This incredible waterfall flows through a three bridge chasm, plunging 255m down a limestone formation, which is a result of millions of years of erosion, persisting to this day.
Antelope Canyon, Arizona, USA
Antelope Canyon is a slot canyon in the American Southwest. It is located on Navajo land east of Page in Arizona.
Antelope Canyon was formed by erosion of Navajo Sandstone, primarily due to flash flooding and secondarily due to other sub-aerial processes.